open standards

Here’s a collection of open standards and open formats that can help you publish your data so it is easy to compare and combine.

NameURLDescriptionPublishing Organisation
Open Contractinghttp://standard.open-contracting.org/latest/en/The Open Contracting Data Standard (OCDS) enables disclosure of data and documents at all stages of the contracting process by defining a common data model.Open Contracting Partnership
Open Spending - Fiscal Data Packagehttp://fiscal.dataprotocols.orgFiscal Data Package is a simple, open technical specification for government
budget and spending data.
Open Spending an Open Knowledge project
360 Givinghttp://www.threesixtygiving.org/standard/A common way to share transparent and interoperable information on grant-making.360Giving
Election Markup Language (EML)http://xml.coverpages.org/eml.htmlEML defines a set of data and message definitions described as a set of XML schemas and covering a wide range of transactions that occur during an election.OASIS
General Transit Feed Specification (GTFS)https://developers.google.com/transit/gtfs/The General Transit Feed Specification (GTFS) defines a common format for public transportation schedules and associated geographic information.Google
General Transit Feed Specification - Realtime Transit (GTFS-RT)https://developers.google.com/transit/gtfs-realtime/GTFS-realtime is a feed specification that allows public transportation agencies to provide realtime updates about their fleet to application developers.Google
Open Council Datahttp://standards.opencouncildata.orgLightweight standards for Australian councils publishing open data.Open Knowledge Australia
Humanitarian Exchange Language (HXL)http://hxlstandard.orgDesigned to improve information sharing during a humanitarian crisisHXL working group
International Aid Transparency Initiative (IATI)http://iatistandard.orgInformation about organisation providing development projectsIATI
Australian Common Alerting Protocol (CAP-AU)http://data.gov.au/storage/f/2013-09-26T00%3A59%3A28.751Z/cap-au-3-0.xsdFormat for exchanging emergency alerts and public warningsCommonwealth of Australia Attorney-General's Department

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open formats

Open Formats are file formats with no restrictions, monetary or otherwise, placed upon their use and can be fully processed with at least one free/libre/open-source software tool.

Open FormatAbbreviationStandards BodyDefinition
Comma Separated ValueCSVThe Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF)Common Format and MIME Type for Comma-Separated Values (CSV) Files RFC4180
GeoJSONGeoJSONThe Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF)GeoJSON is a geospatial data interchange format based on JavaScript Object Notation (JSON). RFC7946.
Network Common Data FormNetCDFOpen Geospatial Consortium (OGC)OGC network Common Data Form (netCDF) standards suite
KML (formerly Keyhole Markup Language)KMLOpen Geospatial Consortium (OGC)KML
Observations and MeasurementsO&M or ISO/DIS 19156Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC) and International Organization for Standardization (ISO)Observations and Measurements
Resource Description FrameworkRDFWorld Wide Web Consortium (W3C)RDF

See also the RDF Data Cube Vocabulary
Portable Network GraphicsPNGInternational Organization for Standardization (ISO)ISO/IEC 15948:2004
Scalable Vector GraphicsSVGWorld Wide Web Consortium (W3C)SVG
Extensible Markup LanguageXMLWorld Wide Web Consortium (W3C)XML

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